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Financing global Food Security: What Policy Maker needs

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]world this weekWith scarce resources rapidly depleting, volatile climate, followed by rapidly growing population, food security has become a top agenda for many international communities today. Although, for many developing economies, agriculture is a primary source, rapid population has been a major concern for many international organizations, whereas regional and local governments are growing concerned about unpredictable climate change which are reducing limiting the capacity of agricultural outputs. When we have limited access to food, we are then unable to receive complete benefits from necessary services such as education, health, which then forces us to look for unsustainable jobs, severely compromising our health and limiting overall development. It is very important for nations to understand the need to eliminate extreme poverty while ensuring that all the populations (underdeveloped, developing and developed) in the rural and urban areas, receive equal access to food. It is not only vital for the growing human index; it is rather crucial for the overall development of the society. It is important for policy makers to understand the need to establish, a Global Food Crisis Response, in an effort to address the issue of international food security effectively and efficiently, but there remains a vast gap between decision making and implementation. It is important for us to understand that, reaching global food security in every region is viable, we will not be able to call it a global food security, if a nation reinforces their initiatives and successfully achieves it but a neighbouring country is dealing with the same issues. Moreover, our efforts need to be consistent and efficient. Today, one in nine are undernutrition, whereas, over 13.5% of the populations in developing economies have no access to food or nutrition. With many initiatives from international aid organizations such as the World Bank, United Nations, other development agencies, acute poverty regions are receiving aid packages and foreign assistance, however, the issue needs a more aggressive approach. UNICEF estimates that, between 1990 and 2014, the percent of undernourished populations phenomenally decreased from 23.4% to 14.5%. Even with this steep decrease, population growth and extreme poverty continues to affect the distribution of food aid and agricultural production. Without inadequate access to food, health, a key asset for human development is adversely compromised, thus hindering economies to work in full force. Moreover, malnutrition has consumed deaths of over one-third children, making it necessary for international communities to discuss. To ensure a sustainable future, policy makers need to address the issue of malnutrition effectively and immediately in an effort to lessen the burden for our upcoming generation. In an effort to address the issue of food security, national, regional and local governments have initiated schemes, through which farmers have more access to financial assistance in order to purchase seeds, tools, and other agricultural necessities for maintaining their farms and increase productivity. In noted examples, farmers have been able to make their living with the agricultural surplus. Importantly, providing food security not only eliminates hunger, but it ensures sustainability of the agriculture, which then makes people financially independent. It is responsibility of, regional and national leaders, policy makers and international aid organizations, along with UN agencies to create viable policies and replicate the same elsewhere. In order to achieve economic development, it is important to maintain healthy human development which is only possible, if people are given adequate access to food. It is important for policy makers to understand the need for financing global food security, one key factor in the fight against malnutrition and poverty. By financing global food security, international agencies, other development agencies especially those with the UN would be at least a step closer to enhance global economic development. By improving agricultural productivity, supply routes for food, regional cooperation, multilateral and bilateral relations, food security crisis can be drastically reduced. It is in the interest for international aid organizations, UN agencies to take the lead while assisting underdeveloped, developing and developed economies in creating viable solutions to solve the issue pertaining to food security and malnutrition. By inviting expert’s panel for dialogue, policy makers can further reinforce their fight for food security, whereas Civil Society Organizations, independent experts and delegates of international aid organizations, especially those of the World Bank and UN would be crucial. Inter-agency interaction continues to be limited while cooperation and coordination of multilevel agencies or taskforce remains out of the entire equation, which policymakers needs to reinforce, readdress and evolve. The situation today In 2015, the World Food Programme estimated over 805 million people worldwide suffering from malnutrition, or inadequate access or no access to food. Malnutrition consumed over 45% of deaths of children under the age of five. Malnutrition does not only result in deaths of children, but also causes children to be underweight. Moreover, UNICEF estimates that, over one in six children are underweight, leaving them with stunted growth potential. This adversely affects human capital, while severely compromising the ability of children to learn. It is important for policy makers to lead the battles on hunger as it leaves a nation with generations of poverty, especially in the developing economies. In the beginning of 2014, international aid organizations and the UN pledged to relocate over USD 3.13 billion to agriculture and food security programs. In 2011, World Food Programme (WFP) recorded that over 14.1% of children, below the age of 5 in Uganda suffered from malnutrition, way lower than the nations in Sub-Saharan Africa, however, the nation continues to expedite their development initiatives especially their initiatives to fight against food insecurity, but without adequate assistance from developed economies. Malnutrition adversely effects children development and hinders them from escaping the vicious cycle of poverty which then becomes a problem for the coming generation. With climate change adversely affecting crops and growing population reinforcing inadequate access to food, it is vital for policy makers the issue immediately. Not long ago, a senior member of the World Bank Group stated “It’s not just a matter of sustainable resource management, more efficient storage, or even producing more food. It encompasses all of the above—and more.” It is important for international community and other development agencies such as the UN and the World Bank to create a multi-faceted strategy to address the issue of global food security. Indeed international aid organizations have assisted regional and local government in maintaining forests, and introduced innovative technological means in agriculture, which increase the productivity of seeds in the future. Moreover, it is important for policy makers to address the issue of climate change with respect to agriculture, one such initiatives can be clubbed to create a “climate-smart agriculture” in an effort to increase productivity of the crops even when the availability of land is minimum, maximising production and reducing effects of climate change. Moreover, we cannot address the issue of food security by simply increasing the productivity of crops. In the past, reports have suggested that, almost, one-third of the crops are wasted during storage and transportation. UN and their agencies have been advocating to reinforce the policies of storing the crops especially by using modern storage facilities and distribution technologies. Policy makers need to be thoroughly trained and equipped with technical skills and knowledge before understanding agricultural transparency and monitoring of food prices. Undoubtedly, short term relief packages overwhelm outcomes of food insecurity and assist in securing a road for development, while reinforcing national and international initiatives on nutrition, necessary for development. The concept of micro-loans is another initiative of the government, which provides extensive opportunities for farmers by giving them direct access to finances. Initiatives such as these reinforces fight against food security which then assists in decreasing the gender income gap between the rural and the urban populous. With some alterations, such indicatives can be replicated in the world, depending upon the needs of the region. Farmers can reduce the transportation of their crops by boosting their crop yields which further reinforces economic development in the rural region. Conclusion As stated, it is important for policy makers to prioritise their policies on people living less than 1$ a day. Today, many factors are responsible for global food insecurity and addressing all of them together will require cooperation and coordination from international communities along with a multifaceted policy. It is important for developing economies to provide adequate access of food for all while reinforcing policy makers with knowledge and expertise in an effort to reach the undernourished populous. Promoting good health is one key factor towards eliminating poverty, whereas political leaders and policy makers must add aggressive development initiatives. Policy makers need to reinforce their policies especially that of micro-loans. By expanding food aid policy makers will be reinforcing their policies in the fight against malnutrition and food insecurity. In an effort to ensure that food insecurity does not affect the future generations, policy makers need to reinforce their initiatives on transportation and distribution. Developing economies continue to suffer from limitation of food distribution, but many regions suffer from unique problem, be it, climate, geography, and socio-economic status. Adequate access to loans will prove to be a key asset in this fight. Developed countries can appoint a panel of experts, if possible for the regions most affected by food insecurity and assist nations in their fight against food insecurity and malnutrition, whereas developing economies can create micro-loan initiatives in an effort to assist the underdeveloped economies.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]

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